Zoneminder is a free and open-source surveillance camera management software available for Linux only. Here we will learn the steps to install ZoneMinder on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa or Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy JellyFish.
What is ZoneMinder?
ZoneMinder is a software application meant to run on a Linux system for monitoring via closed-circuit television. It offers a web interface to easily use and control standard cameras (via a capture card, USB, FireWire, etc.) or IP -based camera devices.
We can operate the software in three modes:
• Monitoring (without recording)
• Recording after detected movement
• Permanent recording
Steps to install ZoneMinder on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04 LTS
The steps given here can also be used on other versions of Ubuntu as well as other operating systems based on it such as POP OS, Linux Mint, Elementary OS, MX Linux, and more…
1. Requirements for Tutorial
• Ubuntu 22.04/20.04/18.04
• Apache Web Server
• PHP & MySQL
• A non-root user with sudo rights at least
• Internet Connection
2. Run system update
As we required multiple packages to get installed using the system repository, hence let’s first run the system update command to ensure our system is up to date.
sudo apt update -y
3. Install the LAMP server on Ubuntu 20.04 | 22.04
We need an Apache web server, PHP, and MySQL to run ZoneMinder, hence first let’s set up the full LAMP server on our system.
sudo apt install apache2 mysql-server php
sudo systemctl enable --now apache2 mysql
To check status
systemctl status apache2 mysql --no-pager -l
4. Add PPA for ZoneMinder’s latest version
Well, the best thing is that ZoneMinder is available to install using the APT package manager and base repository of both Ubuntu 20.04 and 22.04, hence we can run a single command to get it. However, the version from the official repository will not be the latest one.
To get the latest version of ZoneMinder use its PPA, available on launchpad. You can visit it to find the latest available PPA repo.
For example, in our case, it was 1.36. In the same way, you will also have one. Use that version with the above PPA repo to add the same-
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:iconnor/zoneminder-version
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:iconnor/zoneminder-1.36
Once you have added the repository, run the system update command:
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade
5. Install ZoneMinder on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04
Well, we have added the repository to get the latest version of ZoneMinder, now can easily use the APT package manager to install it with all required dependencies.
sudo apt install zoneminder
6. Set MySQL- sql_mode = NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION
We already have installed MySQL, just set the
sql_mode = NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION using MySQL configuration file.
sudo rm /etc/mysql/my.cnf sudo cp /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf /etc/mysql/my.cnf
Edit the file:
sudo nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf
At the end of the file, add the following line:
sql_mode = NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION
Save the file by pressing Ctrl+O, hitting the Enter key, and then exiting- Ctrl+X.
7. Set Apache user permissions
Permit ZoneMinder files access to the apache-user so that it can access them.
sudo chmod 740 /etc/zm/zm.conf sudo chown root:www-data /etc/zm/zm.conf sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /usr/share/zoneminder/
Enable Apache modules:
sudo a2enmod cgi rewrite expires headers
Enable ZoneMinder virtual host configuration file
sudo a2enconf zoneminder
Set Date and Time zone in PHP.ini
sudo nano /etc/php/*/apache2/php.ini
Press Ctrl + w and then type – Date after that hit the Enter key. This will search and take you to the area from where we can configure the Time zone: You can see your TimeZone in the Official PHP doc.
; from the front of the line-
date.timezone and after that add your timezone.
Save the file- Ctrl+O, press Enter Key, and then Ctrl+X.
8. Start and Enable ZoneMinder Service
We have configured almost everything, let’s start the ZoneMinder system service, also enable it to make sure it runs automatically with system boot or in case gets crashed.
sudo systemctl enable zoneminder sudo systemctl start zoneminder
Also, reload the Apache service to apply the changes we have made so far.
sudo systemctl reload apache2
9. Access the Web interface
Let’s take the final step to access the web interface of ZoneMinder, simply open your browser on your system or the one that can access the IP address of the server where you have installed this monitoring & surveillance software.
Point it to :
Note: Replace, the
server-ip-address with the actual address of your Ubuntu system. If you don’t know the Ip-address then we can get that using the command –
Uninstall or Remove
In the future, if you want to remove this Linux software then simply run the given commands to not only uninstall ZoneMinder but also its repository.
sudo apt autoremove --purge zoneminder
sudo add-apt-repository --remove ppa:iconnor/zoneminder-master
For removing Lamp Server:
sudo apt autoremove --purge apache2 mysql-server php
To know more about this tool further, refer to the official documentation.