How to install Graylog on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Server or Desktop

Manage your system logs with a web interface by installing open source Graylog log management platform on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Linux. To help you with that, here is the step-by-step tutorial.

Open source software(s) are the backbone of modern society computers because most of the commercial servers run on Linux operating systems. Under this category, we also have a variety of application platforms to solve the various problems of organizations and individual users, for example, the one which we are going to discuss here in this article i.e. “Graylog“.

As the name of this software suggests, it is meant to do something with system logs. Yes, it is for collecting, indexing, and analyzing log data from various sources, and all this in real time. So, if you are a system administrator handling a network of servers, desktops, and other devices, then using the Graylog you will have a centralized place for monitoring system logs, application logs, or network logs. This logging system essentially consists of the web interface, the Graylog servers, the Elasticsearch nodes, and a Mongo database.

Graylog supports various input mechanisms. By default, four different formats or protocols are supported: Syslog, GELF, JSON / REST-URLs, and RAW. syslog is a standard for the transmission of log messages and is often used by system components.

Prerequisites: To get Graylog installed on our Ubuntu 22.04 system we need:

  • A server or virtual machine running Ubuntu .04 or later.
  • MongoDB andElasticSearch
  • At least a non-root user with sudo rights
  • Ubuntu server with  4 CPU Cores and  8 GB RAM

Graylog on Ubuntu 22.04 Installation Steps

1. Update and Install dependencies

Start with the system update command first on your Ubuntu terminal, so that the already installed packages can be updated.

sudo apt update

Apart from updating the system, we also need a couple of packages to ensure the proper installation of Graylog.

sudo apt install apt-transport-https wget curl uuid-runtime ca-certificates gnupg2

2. Installing MongoDB 6.x on Ubuntu 22.04

Ubuntu 22.04 Linux doesn’t offer the latest packages to install MongoDB from its official repository, hence we have to add an extra repo manually.

While writing this article, the latest version of the MongoDB was “7.x“, however, GrayLog only supports up to Mongodb 6.x. Hence, we are installing that. In your case, if it is different then change the version number – 6.0 in the given commands with the one that you want to install:

curl -sSL  -o mongoserver.asc
gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring ./mongo_key_temp.gpg --import ./mongoserver.asc
gpg --no-default-keyring --keyring ./mongo_key_temp.gpg --export > ./mongoserver_key.gpg
sudo mv mongoserver_key.gpg /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/

Add MongoDB Repository:

echo "deb [ arch=amd64,arm64 ] $(lsb_release -cs)/mongodb-org/6.0 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-6.0.list 

Run the System Update:

Let the system know about your newly added repository by running the system update command:

sudo apt update

Graylog uses MongoDB to store data, hence now we can install it on our server so that later the generated logs can be saved there for further analysis.

sudo apt install mongodb-org

Enable and start the Database Server services:

sudo systemctl enable --now mongod
sudo systemctl restart mongod.service

To check whether it is running properly without any errors you can run:

sudo systemctl status mongod
mongoDB service status

3. Setting up ElasticSearch

The next thing we need to install to set up Greylog is Elasticsearch or OpenSearch, here we are using the EalsticSearch community version which is a full-text search and analytics engine. As greylog can handle logs from multiple sources, hence it needs a platform that is highly scalable and allows users to store, search, and analyze big volumes of data quickly and in near real-time.

Note: The only supported version by Graylog of Elasticsearch is 7.x.

Add GPG Key:

wget -qO - | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/elasticsearch-keyring.gpg

Add Elastic Search repository:

echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/elasticsearch-keyring.gpg] stable main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-7.x.list

Command to Install ElasticSearch open-source version on Ubuntu 22.04:

sudo apt update && sudo apt-get install elasticsearch-oss

Modify the Elasticsearch configuration file to set the cluster name to graylog and add action.auto_create_index: false

For this simply copy-paste the below given command block and hit the Enter key.

sudo tee -a /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml > /dev/null <<EOT graylog
action.auto_create_index: false

Enable and start Elastic search service:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable --now elasticsearch
sudo systemctl start elasticsearch

#### To check service status:
sudo systemctl status elasticsearch
Elastic search service status

4. Install Graylog Server on Ubuntu 22.04

Download the repository of Graylog that is available as a deb package. The version of Gralog while doing this article was 5.0.


Install it:

sudo dpkg -i graylog-5.0-repository_latest.deb

Now, update your system, so that it can recognize the newly added repository to download the packages for Graylog:

sudo apt update

Finally, install it

sudo apt update && sudo apt-get install graylog-server

Extra: If you also want to install the Integrations Plugins or the Enterprise Plugins, then run:

sudo apt install graylog-enterprise-plugins graylog-integrations-plugins graylog-enterprise-integrations-plugins

5. Edit the Graylog configuration file to set the admin Password

There are two password values-  password_secret and root_password_sha2, we need to configure them otherwise Graylog on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS will not start at all.

These two values are present in the Graylog configuration file and what we set for them will be used to secure user passwords and log in to the admin user on its web interface. But we cannot set a plain text value for them instead we have to generate a hash. So, run:

Set password_secret key

< /dev/urandom tr -dc A-Z-a-z-0-9 | head -c${1:-96};echo;

The above command will generate a secret key to secure user passwords, so copy that and edit the configuration file using:

sudo nano /etc/graylog/server/server.conf

Now, find password_secret = in the file and paste the copied secret key in front of it. As shown in the below screenshot.

Save the file by pressing Ctrl + X, Y, and hit the Enter key.

Set root_password_sha2 hash

The default username to log in Graylog web interface is admin, whereas the password needs to be set, that’s what we are doing here. Generate a hash for the password you want to set using the below-given command:

echo -n "Enter Password: " && head -1 </dev/stdin | tr -d '\n' | sha256sum | cut -d" " -f1

When the system asks you to Enter the password type whatever you want to use and you will have the hash string to paste in the Graylog configuration file.

As you hit the Enter key after using the above command, a hash sum will be generated. Copy it.

Now, again edit the configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/graylog/server/server.conf

Find the line:  root_password_sha2 and paste the hash sum in front of it, as shown in the below screenshot:

Set password for Greylog

Also, by default, the Graylog is only accessible using localhost IP i.e. thus in case you are planning to access its web interface remotely, then change it with your server IP address in the configuration file.

Find the line: http_bind_address, uncomment it and change with the IP address of your system where you are installing graylog.

Access Graylog remotely

Save the file– Ctrl + X, Y and hit the Enter key.

6. Enable and Restart the Graylog Server

We already have done all the essential configurations, and now enable this log system service to start automatically.

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl enable --now graylog-server

sudo systemctl restart graylog-server

Check whether it is running without any error or not:

sudo systemctl status graylog-server
Start log server

If you are planning to access the Graylog web interface remotely then also open port 9000 in the Ubuntu firewall:

sudo ufw allow 9000

7. Access the Web interface

Open a browser on your local system or remote that can access the Ubuntu 22.04 server IP address. And type the http://your-server-ipaddress:9000

Replace your-server-ip-address with the actual IP address of your Server where Graylog has been installed.

The default username is admin whereas the password is what you have set in step 5 of this article for root_password.

GrayLog installation on Ubuntu 22.04

8. Example: Send Sys logs of the host system to Graylog

Let’s test our Graylog instance by sending the server logs where it has been installed.

Create a config file under /etc/rsyslog.d/ to tell the system where to send the logs.

sudo nano /etc/rsyslog.d/graylog.conf

Add the following line:

For UDP:

*.* @your-server-ip:5140;RSYSLOG_SyslogProtocol23Format

If you want the TCP to send logs then add two @@ instead one in the above command:


Replace the your-server-IP with the IP address of the system from where you are sending the logs. If it is a host system where you have installed the Graylog then use the IP address of that.

Save the file by typing Ctrl+X, Y, and hit the Enter key.

Restart Syslog on the server from where you want to send logs, here we are sending the logd of the host server:

sudo systemctl restart rsyslog

Now, add Input for Node in Graylog. 

On the Dashboard of Graylog click on the System -> Inputs.

Add Inputs in Graylog server

Select Syslog UDP and hit the Launch new input button.

Select Input type syslog ubuntu 20.04

Select the node from the drop-down box, give some title (whatever you want) to Input, and then set the port number to 5140 after that scroll down and save the configuration.

Set UDP port

Now, click on the “Start Input” button to start the server input.

Start Input server
Ubuntu 20.04 Server running graylog management

9. Metrics Dashboard

Once the Input from the server starts, click on the Search given in the Graylog menu and you will start getting metrics and logs in real-time from your server. Also, you can set the frequency of metrics updates.

Installing GrayLog to send SYSlogs Ubuntu 22.04

To know more about this log management tool and other configuration tasks refer to official documentation where you will also find the way to use Nginx/Apache as a reverse proxy and HTTPS in Graylog.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.