How to install FTP server Ubuntu 24.04 LTS using VSFTPD

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a widely used network protocol that operates over the TCP/IP network. It allows users to transfer files between server and client. Those dealing with a hosting server would already have used it for uploading websites or any other kind of files to a server or vice versa. Well, we can create our own FTP server by installing VSFTPD on Ubuntu 24.04 Linux; in this article, we learn how to do that.

What do we need to follow this tutorial?

  • We should be on Ubuntu 24.04 LTS Noble but other versions of Ubuntu such as 22.04, 20.04, or 18.04 can also be used.
  • A user with sudo rights
  • Internet Connection

Step 1: Update Ubuntu 24.04 Packages

If you are using the Ubuntu 24.04 server then you already have Terminal access, however, desktop users can use the keyboard shortcut – Ctrl+Alt+T to open the terminal app. After that execute the system update command to apply the latest available security and package updates.

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Step 2: Install vsftpd FTP server

We can easily have the FTP server feature on Ubuntu 24.04 by installing the popular “vsftpd (Very Secure FTP Daemon)“. It is available directly to install using the Ubuntu system’s default package repository, therefore just execute the given command in your terminal and you are done…

sudo apt install vsftpd -y

Step 3: Add FTP user

You can use your existing user to access the FTP server, however, here we are adding a dedicated user for FTP on our Ubuntu system that will not have sudo access.

sudo adduser your-ftp-user

Note: Replace “your-ftp-user” with whatever name you want to give to your user.

Step 4: Create an FTP directory and adjust permissions

Create a directory inside the FTP user’s home directory where it will have write access. For example: Let’s say, we want to create a directory inside the FTP user’s home directory called “uploads” where we upload our files and the FTP user will have only read and write access to this directory.

Note: Replace “your-ftp-user” with whatever name you want to give to your user.

Creating a dedicated directory to upload files:

sudo mkdir -p /home/your-ftp-user/uploads

Adjust the permissions to prevent user writing entirely within the home directory while allowing full access within the “Uploads” directory.

sudo chown your-ftp-user:your-ftp-user /home/your-ftp-user/uploads
sudo chmod 755 /home/your-ftp-user/uploads

Set Permissions on the Home Directory:

Modify the permissions of the home directory to prevent the FTP User from writing to it:

sudo chmod 555 /home/your-ftp-user

Step 5: Configure Vsftpd FTP server

As we are done with the installation of the FTP server on Ubuntu 24.04, let’s configure it according to our requirements. Here we are setting the basic things required to have a working FTP server.

Edit the VSFTPD configuration file located at “/etc/vsftpd.conf“.

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf

After opening the files, ensure the following are changed or they are as mentioned:

To allow local users to Log In:

In the file, find the line “local_enable=YES” and make sure it is uncommented.


Enable Write Permissions:

Find the given line and ensure it is uncommented so that the local users can write on the server.

FTP server anonymous 1

Allow Passive Mode:

Go to the end of the VSFTPD configuration file and add the following lines to configure passive mode settings. This will allow FTP clients to connect in environments with firewalls.


Restrict Home Directory Access

If you further want to restrict and drop the user on login only to the FTP directory for example – Uploads then add the given lines at the end of the file:


Enable Chroot Jail:

Now, if you want the user can only have access to its home directory not to the files outside its home then add the following line at the end of the file:


Also add the following line otherwise while login the FTP server, you will see an error:

500 OOPS: vsftpd: refusing to run with writable root inside chroot()

Enable Chroot Jail VSFTPD FTP server

Optional Settings:

Furthermore, we can also perform other settings as per the requirement, for example, if you want to enable anonymous login, set the banner message, and configure SSL for secure connections, all this can be done using the VSFTPD configuration file:

For example– to enable Anonymous user, means login to the FTP server without specifying any user. For that just edit the file and set the “anonymouse_enable=” value to YES.

Once you are done with the settings, save the file by pressing CTRL + X, then Y, and Enter.

Step 6: Allow FTP Traffic Through the Firewall

If the UFW firewall is active on your Ubuntu 24.04 then use the given command to allow them. Whereas, those who are using Ubuntu 24.04 on some cloud services need to open the given TCP ports in their service provider’s firewall.

sudo ufw allow 20/tcp
sudo ufw allow 21/tcp
sudo ufw allow 10000:10100/tcp
sudo ufw reload

Step 7: Restart Vsftpd Service

To apply the changes we have made to the VSFTPD configuration file, restart the FTP server:

Also, enable vsftpd to start automatically on boot:

sudo systemctl enable vsftpd
sudo systemctl restart vsftpd

Step 8: Connect and Access the FTP server

We can connect to our FTP server created on Ubuntu 24.04 either using the command terminal or GUI applications such as Filezilla or WinSCP. We show the both CLI and GUI methods to test your created FTP server.

Using Command terminal:

You can use the terminal of the same server where you have installed the VSFTPD, just type the given command syntax, and don’t forget to add your FTP server IP address.

ftp -p server-ip-address

To exit, type – bye

Login FTP server using command terminal

Using GUI tools such as FileZilla:

Let’s now use the graphical FTP client such as the popular Filezilla, which is available to install for all popular operating systems including Linux. You can check our tutorial on – how to install the FileZilla client on Ubuntu 24.04 LTS Linux.

Once you have the FileZilla open, go to the Host – enter the server IP address, similarly type username, and password, and set port to 21 or 22 (Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP)) as per your wish. Then, click on the “QuickConnect” button.

Enter the FTP user credentials in Filezilla

Once the connection is established you will have the access to Uploads directory of the FTP user to upload or download the files.

VSFTPD FTP server installed on Ubuntu 24.04 Noble LTS

Step 9: Enabling TLS encryption for the FTP server

To enable TLS (Transport Layer Security) encryption for your created FTP server so that our data transfer can be encrypted, edit the VSFTPD configuration file, however, before that let’s generate the SSL certificate using OpenSSL.

sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/vsftpd.pem

Enter the details, the above command will ask to create the certificate.

Generate SSl certificate for VSFTPD FTP server

Now, edit the VSFTPD configuration file. First find and comment on the following two lines by adding the ‘#’ in front of them:

# rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
# rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key

Now, add the following lines:





Save the file by pressing Ctrl+O, hit the Enter key, and exit using Ctrl+X.

Configure SSL or TLS for VSFTPD FTP server

Now, restart the VSFTPD server:

sudo systemctl restart vsftpd

Step 10: Connecting FTP server using TLS

Create a new connection, in this example, we will show how you can save the FTP connection on FileZilla as well. So, click on the “File” option and then “Site Manager”.

Create NEw site or connection FTP server Filezilla

Click on the New Site and then enter the host i.e. IP address or FQDN of the FTP server, select Encryption type “Require explicit FTP over TLS“, User, and password. Finally press the OK button to establish the connection.

Use TLS or SSL to connect Ubuntu 24.04 FTP server

Accept the Certificate, when Filezilla prompt for that.

Accept the SSL certificate


We have not only covered the way to install the FTP server using VSFTPD on Ubuntu 24.04. Using the steps of this tutorial, we not only covered the installation process for the FTP server but also the basic configuration to share files securely within your network or with remote users over TLS.

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